Job creation is on the upswing. However, according to the Brookings Institute they are getting further away from where unemployed Americans are living. In february 295,00 jobs were created. However, jobs that are within a typical commute for residents in a major metropolitan area dropped 7% between 2000 and 2012. Job proximity is important especially when commutes become expensive and moving is not feasible for cash poor citizens. Frictional unemployment is exasperated in these situations which leads to welfare dependence for longer periods of time than may be necessary. Cleveland has had the largest decrease in job proximity at negative 27% while Atlanta metro area job proximity decreased while the number of jobs actually increased by 2%. This has a lot to do with metro areas becoming more spread out. Job matching is harder when both jobs and jobless individuals are less concentrated in the cities and are spread throughout the suburbs.
It looks like initiatives need to be made not only for the creation of jobs but for job matching programs to help make sure that able bodied residents are being left out of the job market because of where they reside.